Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by the presence of high glucose levels in blood (hyperglycaemia) and it is due to an altered quantity or function of insulin. Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas, which enables the glucose to enter the cells and be used as energy source. When this mechanism is altered, the glucose is accumulated in blood circulation.
Type 1 diabetes
It affects 10% of patients with diabetes and generally arises among children and teenagers. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin and therefore it needs to be injected every day of your life.
Type 2 diabetes
It is the most common type of diabetes and represents 90% of the patients suffering from this disease. The cause is still unknown, even if we know that the pancreas is able to produce insulin, but the cells are not able to process it. Generally speaking, this disease arises when you are more than 30-40 years old and there are many risk factors associated to it. They include familiarity with diabetes, poor physical activity, overweight and belonging to some ethnic groups.
Gestational diabetes is a situation in which a high glucose level is measured for the first time during a pregnancy. This condition happens in 4% of the pregnancies. The definition does not depend on the treatment used, whether only diet is enough or insulin is necessary, and implies more tests for the pregnant woman and for the foetus.
Pancreas is a big gland annexed to the digestive system. It is composed by an exocrine and an endocrine part. Its main function is to produce the pancreatic juice (secreted by the exocrine part), insulin and glucagon (both secreted by the endocrine part). The pancreatic juice is used to digest some substances in the small intestine, whereas the insulin and the glucagon control the blood glucose level.
Glycaemia is the amount of glucose present in blood. Its level can be expressed with various units of measures: mg/dl or mmol/l. Fasting levels between 60 mg/dl and 70 mg/dl are considered normal. Fasting levels exceeding 126 mg/dl might be a symptom of diabetes, whereas two hours after a meal the level can reach 150 mg/dl.
BC Trade is always searching highly technological products on the international market in order to improve the therapies and diagnostic standards for diabetes. Many innovations, given the dynamics of the Italian market which is mainly composed by international companies, find problems in spreading in Italy because they are developed by unknown companies, despite having a high clinical and technological value.
This it the case of Sooil, a Korean leading company in Asia which combines the insulin pump therapy with Samsung smartphones, from South Korea, in order to obtain a unique product which allows the smartphone to control all daily activities to have a correct insulin delivery.
Last but not least, the Ubique system which combines the classic insulin pump therapy technique with the latest telemedicine solutions available on the market.